How do I do...
Some friends asked me how do I process to take this kind of photos. So I hope these few tips will help you understand my way of taking and embellish them.
Now I got a 650D form Canon. First it was for filming. it's got a rotated LCD touch screen, it's the first one which can have the new silent autofocus lens STM and it's not too expensive.
SD HC 16Go and SD HC 32Go (HC is for a quick writing and reading on your card)
8mm 3.5 Samyang
18-55mm 3.5-5 Canon ( with a broken autofocus )
40 mm 2.8 STM
50 mm 1.4 USM
35-105mm ( found for 20$ in a second hand shop, but get some moisture in it)
70-300mm 3.5-4.5 Tamron ( which belongs to Johanna)
All my photos are taken in RAW. much better to do all the post prod after. To keep it simple Raw allow you do get all the information of your picture on different layers like temperature, exposition...
I use the colorstyle profile : Neutral to take my photos but I'm starting to use the cinestyle profile. the Neutral and the Cinestyle are more neutral and have less contrast to let the photo having a much wider range of color for post production. it looks a bit grey on your camera but you have more range of black and white.
Always in Manuel Mode. Let the ISO at 100 if you can and then all depends on the subject. Aperture and shutter speed should be working together to have a good result.
Landscape : (Lens : 18-55mm 3,5-5 Canon, 8mm 3,5 Samyang and 40mm 2.8 Canon aka Pancake)
the shutter speed should be at least 1/45 or 1/60 ( not less) that allows you to have a good range for your aperture and have everything in focus. I increase the shutter speed with the subject, if it's waterfall for exemple. ( but it could be nice with a long exposition like under 1second)
When I take a picture I think of 6 things
1. rules of third :cut your image in three part in vertical and in horizontal, put the most important in one of this cross lines.
2. Get a foreground : Like I learned from drawing you get a most interesting picture if you have several layers in your image. And if it's the foreground the most interesting in your frame so think of what kind of angle could be better to improve your shot.
3. Get some fresh air : Try to have some large area of sky, sea, or empty in the composition of your image
4. Think with contrast : What in your frame can be in opposition
5. Use the line : an other option is to flatten what you see and try to found some lines in your picture to get something in
6. It should be the first thing you should think of. Where are you gonna shoot from? fine the right place to shoot, where no one do usually. Climb, crawl or shoot for the edge of a cliff or a fence or next to the water and put everything you want expect the other tourist or ''parasite''. Take your shot from elsewhere others usually do.
Portrait : (Lens : 50mm 1.4 Canon and 70-300mm 3,5-4,5 Tamron) I'm not really my thing but you should have a shutter speed at least at 1/125 or 1/180 and a shallow deep of field so try to get your subject in the light to lower down your aperture.
Even more difficult with the bird or wild life put the shutter speed much higher and increase the iso they not gonna stay still for you and you should be really reactive.
NightShot : (Lens : 8mm 3.5 and a Tripod) let the ISO on 100 or 200 if it's too dark but put your shutter speed on 30' seconds and let your aperture at the minimum.
With the 8mm everything look deform exept on the center of your photo, vertivcaly and horizontaly, so try to put the horizon of your landscape on the middle. your photo don't gonna look like a GoPro.
LightRoom is like the old way of developing photos.
First you choose the image you want to keep and import from your Sd card to your computer,
Then you can develop them. It take sometimes a while to choose and develop all the photo I take.
the few thing I do generally with Lightroom is :
Refine the exposition,
Increase the contrast,
Low down the dark tones
Increase the light tones ( that give you and HDRI style )
Put some vignetting ( not too much, the less you do the better it is)
I change some times the color of some photos to get a special atmosphere.
5. Next Step
The next thing I'll buy gonna be :
a Polarized Filter to avoid reflect on glass, water, windows and all kinds of reflection due to the sun.
Variable Neutral Dynamic Filter or ND filter. In particularly for filming, this filter allow you to film with a low aperture. When you're filming in 1080p at 25fps the shutter speed should be at 1/50 then to get a not too bright image you low down your Iso at 100 but it's still too bright. so you increase the aperture and in a sunny day, even at the maximum of aperture you have a really bright image. So that's why there is this ND filter to have a small aperture when you're filming in a sunny day.
Step Rings to put this expensive filter on any lens I have.
Full Frame :
My 650D is not a full frame camera 36mmx24mm but a 22,3mm x14,9mm
that means that my Lenses shoot with a factor of 1.6
A full Frame have also a much better light sensor for low lights ambiance.